Benefits and Risks
The medical and emotional benefits of the procedure begin almost immediately after surgery. With weight loss, an individual will also experience cosmetic benefits. As with any surgery there are risks with Gastric Bypass Surgery. However, it is much safer to have the surgery than it is to continue to live with morbid obesity. Morbid Obesity has been proven to significantly shorten both the length and quality of an individual's life.
- Most Patients lose weight rapidly and continue to do so until 18-24 months after the procedure.
- Significant sustained weight loss.
- Although many patients regain some of their weight after 24 months, few regain it all.
- Gastric Bypass Surgery improves or eliminates most obesity related conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, and diabetes.
- Blood sugar levels for most patients with adult onset diabetes (typeII) improve almost immediately and become completely normal within a year of surgery.
- Less osteoarthritis pain and improved mobility
- Improved mood and self-esteem
- No longer enduring rude remarks or social stigma because of extreme obesity.
- 10-20% of patients who have Bariatric surgery require follow-up operations to correct complications. (Abdominal hernias are the most common).
- Other possible post-surgical complications include infection, bleeding and death.
- More than 1/3 of Gastric-bypass patients develop gallstones, which could lead to a procedure known as Cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder.
- Nearly 30% of patients who have Bariatric surgery develop nutritional deficiencies such as anemia, osteoporosis, and metabolic bone disease. These deficiencies may be avoided if lifelong vitamin and mineral intake are maintained
- Dumping Syndrome - caused by stomach contents moving too rapidly through the small intestine.
- Loosening of the line of staples used to create the Roux-en-Y pouch, pouch stretching or leakage.
- Vomiting because of the decreased stomach size.
- Wound infection
- A tissue tear at the site of the incision, also called a hernia.
- Blood clots - which most times can be avoided by wearing special stocking for a few days after surgery, and by walking regularly.